Energy Light: The Next Top Ten New Energy Sources

Various forms of new energy sources come directly or indirectly from the heat generated by the sun or deep inside the Earth. Including solar energy, wind energy, biomass energy, geothermal energy, nuclear fusion energy, water energy and ocean energy, and energy generated from biofuels and hydrogen derived from renewable energy sources. It can also be said that new energy includes a variety of renewable energy and nuclear energy. Compared with traditional energy sources, new energy generally has the characteristics of less pollution and large reserves, which is of great significance in solving the serious environmental pollution problems and the exhaustion of resources (especially fossil energy) in the world today.

NO. 1 Solar energy Human has a long history of solar energy utilization. As early as 2,000 years ago during the Warring States period, China knew that it would use a steel four-mirror to focus sunlight to ignite; it would use solar energy to dry agricultural and sideline products. In the modern era, the use of solar energy has become increasingly widespread. It includes the use of solar thermal energy, the use of solar energy, and the photochemical utilization of solar energy. The use of solar energy has two types: passive use (photothermal conversion) and photoelectric conversion. Solar power is an emerging renewable energy utilization method.

NO. 2 Wind energy In nature, wind is a renewable, non-polluting, and huge-capacity energy source. With the global warming and energy crisis, all countries are stepping up the development and utilization of wind power, minimizing the emission of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, and protecting the earth on which we depend. The use of wind energy is mainly based on wind power and wind power generation, of which wind power generation is also dominant.

NO. 3 Hydro-energy Hydro-energy is a kind of renewable energy. It is clean energy and refers to the energy resources such as kinetic energy, potential energy and pressure energy of water bodies. Generalized hydropower resources include river hydropower, tidal hydropower, wave energy, and ocean current energy resources; narrowly defined hydropower resources refer to river hydropower resources. It is conventional energy, primary energy.

NO. 4 Nuclear energy uses the heat energy released by nuclear fission in a nuclear reactor to generate electricity. It is very similar to thermal power generation. Only nuclear reactors and steam generators are used instead of thermal power generators to replace fossil fuels with nuclear fission energy. Except for boiling water reactors, other types of power reactors are all heated by the core of the primary coolant. In the steam generator, the heat is transferred to the secondary or tertiary circuit water, and steam is then formed to propel the turbine generator.

NO. 5 Geothermal volcanic eruption on the earth lava temperature as high as 1200 °C ~ 1300 °C, natural hot springs are mostly above 60 °C, and some even as high as 100 °C ~ 140 °C. This shows that the Earth is a huge heat pool and contains huge heat energy.

NO. 6 Tides can cause tidal phenomena due to changes in the gravitational force of the moon. Plagiarism causes the seawater level to periodically rise and fall. The energy generated by seawater fluctuations and tidal flows becomes tidal energy. Tidal energy is the ocean energy that appears in the form of potential energy and refers to the potential energy of water formed by the rising tide and the tide.

NO. 7 Combustible Ice “Flameable Ice” is a new source of clean energy in the future.

Its main components are methane molecules and water molecules. Its formation is similar to the formation of oil and natural gas on the seabed, and is closely related. A large amount of organic matter buried in the depth of the seabed is decomposed by anaerobic bacteria in an oxygen-deficient environment, eventually forming oil and natural gas (petrol gas).

NO. 8 Hydrogen-hydrogen Energy In the 21st century it is possible to become a significant secondary energy source in the world energy arena. It is an extremely superior new energy source. Its main advantages are: high calorific value of combustion, heat after burning per kilogram of hydrogen, about 3 times of gasoline, 3.9 times of alcohol, and 4.5 times of coke. The product of combustion is water, the cleanest energy in the world. With abundant resources, hydrogen can be produced from water, and water is the most abundant resource on the earth. It is a classic process of recycling and sustainable development of natural materials.

NO. 9 Microorganisms There are many countries in the world that produce sugar cane, sugar beet, and cassava. Scientists use micro-organisms to ferment them and make them into alcohol. Using it to dilute the gasoline, ethanol alcohol is formulated, the efficacy can be increased by about 15%, and alcohol is produced. The rich raw materials, low cost. Scientists also studied the successful use of microorganisms to produce hydrogen and opened up new ways of energy.

NO. 10 Chlorella When hydrogen and natural gas are depleted, hydrogen may be an ideal fuel. The problem is to find a cheap way to produce hydrogen fuel. Scientists say the answer to this question may be an ordinary pond green algae. At present, one liter of chlorella culture fluid can produce 3 ml of hydrogen per hour. Researchers believe that Chlorella's hydrogen production efficiency can be increased at least 100 times, and this point needs further improvement of technology.

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